43. Dan dirikanlah shalat, tunaikanlah zakat dan ruku'lah beserta
orang-orang yang ruku' 
 Yang dimaksud ialah: shalat berjama'ah dan dapat pula
diartikan: Tunduklah kepada perintah-perintah Allah bersama-sama
orang-orang yang tunduk.
83. Dan (ingatlah), ketika Kami mengambil janji dari Bani Israil
(yaitu): Janganlah kamu menyembah selain Allah, dan berbuat
kebaikanlah kepada ibu bapa, kaum kerabat, anak-anak yatim, dan
orang-orang miskin, serta ucapkanlah kata-kata yang baik kepada
manusia, dirikanlah shalat dan tunaikanlah zakat. Kemudian kamu
tidak memenuhi janji itu, kecuali sebahagian kecil daripada kamu,
dan kamu selalu berpaling.
110. Dan dirikanlah shalat dan tunaikanlah zakat. Dan kebaikan apa saja
yang kamu usahakan bagi dirimu, tentu kamu akan mendapat pahala
nya pada sisi Allah. Sesungguhnya Alah Maha Melihat apa-apa yang
177. Bukanlah menghadapkan wajahmu ke arah timur dan barat itu suatu
kebajikan, akan tetapi sesungguhnya kebajikan itu ialah beriman
kepada Allah, hari kemudian, malaikat-malaikat,
kitab-kitab, nabi-nabi dan memberikan harta yang dicintainya kepada
kerabatnya, anak-anak yatim, orang-orang miskin, musafir (yang
memerlukan pertolongan) dan orang-orang yang meminta-minta; dan
(memerdekakan) hamba sahaya, mendirikan shalat, dan menunaikan zakat;
dan orang-orang yang menepati janjinya apabila ia berjanji, dan
orang-orang yang sabar dalam kesempitan, penderitaan dan dalam
peperangan. Mereka itulah orang-orang yang benar (imannya); dan
mereka itulah orang-orang yang bertakwa.
#Qishaash dan hikmahnya.
277. Sesungguhnya orang-orang yang beriman, mengerjakan amal saleh,
mendirikan shalat dan menunaikan zakat, mereka mendapat pahala di
sisi Tuhannya. Tidak ada kekhawatiran terhadap mereka dan tidak
(pula) mereka bersedih hati.
77. Tidakkah kamu perhatikan orang-orang yang dikatakan kepada mereka
 : "Tahanlah tanganmu (dari berperang), dirikanlah
sembahyang dan tunaikanlah zakat !" Setelah diwajibkan kepada
mereka berperang, tiba-tiba sebahagian dari mereka (golongan
munafik) takut kepada manusia (musuh), seperti takutnya kepada
Allah, bahkan lebih sangat dari itu takutnya. Mereka berkata :
"Ya Tuhan kami, mengapa Engkau wajibkan berperang kepada kami ?
Mengapa tidak Engkau tangguhkan (kewajiban berperang) kepada
kami sampai kepada beberapa waktu lagi ?" Katakanlah :
"Kesenangan di dunia ini hanya sebentar dan akhirat itu lebih baik
untuk orang-orang yang bertakwa, dan kamu tidak akan dianiaya
 Orang-orang yang menampakkan dirinya beriman dan minta izin
berperang sebelum ada perintah berperang.
 Artinya pahala turut berperang tidak akan dikurangi
162. Tetapi orang-orang yang mendalam ilmunya di antara mereka dan
orang-orang mu'min, mereka beriman kepada apa yang telah diturunkan
kepadamu (Al Qur'an), dan apa yang telah diturunkan sebelummu dan
orang-orang yang mendirikan shalat, menunaikan zakat, dan yang
beriman kepada Allah dan hari kemudian. Orang-orang itulah yang
akan Kami berikan kepada mereka pahala yang besar.
#Persamaan pokok-pokok Agama yang diwahyukan kepada para rasul.
12. Dan sesungguhnya Allah telah mengambil perjanjian (dari) Bani
Israil dan telah Kami angkat diantara mereka 12 orang pemimpin
dan Allah berfirman: "Sesungguhnya Aku beserta kamu, sesungguhnya
jika kamu mendirikan shalat dan menunaikan zakat serta beriman
kepada rasul-rasul-Ku dan kamu bantu mereka dan kamu pinjamkan
kepada Allah pinjaman yang baik  sesungguhnya Aku akan
menutupi dosa-dosamu. Dan sesungguhnya kamu akan Kumasukkan ke
dalam surga yang mengalir air didalamnya sungai-sungai. Maka
barangsiapa yang kafir di antaramu sesudah itu, sesungguhnya ia
telah tersesat dari jalan yang lurus.
 Maksudnya ialah: menafkahkan harta untuk menunaikan
kewajiban dengan hati yang ikhlas.
55. Sesungguhnya penolong kamu hanyalah Allah, Rasul-Nya, dan orang-
orang yang beriman, yang mendirikan shalat dan menunaikan zakat,
seraya mereka tunduk (kepada Allah).
156. Dan tetapkanlah untuk kami kebajikan di dunia ini dan di
akhirat; sesungguhnya kami kembali (bertaubat) kepada Engkau. Allah
berfirman: "Siksa-Ku akan Kutimpakan kepada siapa yang Aku kehendaki
dan rahmat-Ku meliputi segala sesuatu. Maka akan Aku tetapkan
rahmat-Ku untuk orang-orang yang bertakwa, yang menunaikan zakat dan
orang-orang yang beriman kepada ayat-ayat Kami".
5. Apabila sudah habis bulan-bulan Haram itu , maka bunuhlah
orang-orang musyrikin itu dimana saja kamu jumpai mereka, dan
tangkaplah mereka. Kepunglah mereka dan intailah ditempat
pengintaian. Jika mereka bertaubat dan mendirikan sholat dan
menunaikan zakat, maka berilah kebebasan kepada mereka untuk
berjalan . Sesungguhnya Allah Maha Pengampun lagi maha
 Yang dimaksud dengan bulan Haram disini ialah: masa 4 bulan
yang diberi tangguh kepada kamu musyrikin itu, yaitu mulai tanggal
10 Zulhijjah (hari turunnya ayat ini) sampai dengan 10 Rabi'ul akhir.
 Maksudnya: terjamin keamanan mereka.
11. Jika mereka bertaubat, mendirikan sholat dan menunaikan zakat,
maka (mereka itu) adalah saudara-saudaramu seagama. Dan Kami
menjelaskan ayat-ayat itu bagi kaum yang mengetahui.
18. Hanya yang memakmurkan masjid-masjid Allah ialah orang-orang yang
beriman kepada Allah dan Hari kemudian, serta tetap mendirikan
shalat, emnunaikan zakat dan tidak takut (kepada siapapun) selain
kepada Allah, maka merekalah orang-orang yang diharapkan termasuk
golongan orang-orang yang mendapat petunjuk.
58. Dan di antara mereka ada orang yang mencelamu tentang
(distribusi) zakat; jika mereka diberi sebahagian dari padanya,
mereka bersenang hati, dan jika mereka tidak diberi sebahagian dari
padanya, dengan serta merta mereka menjadi marah.
59. Jikalau mereka sungguh-sungguh ridha dengan apa yang diberikan
Allah dan RasulNya kepada mereka, dan berkata: "Cukuplah Allah
bagi kami, Allah akan memberikan sebagian dari karunia-Nya dan
demikian (pula) Rasul-Nya, sesungguhnya kami adalah orang-orang
yang berharap kepada Allah," (tentulah yang demikian itu lebih
baik bagi mereka).
Ketentuan pembagian zakat
60. Sesungguhnya zakat-zakat itu, hanyalah untuk orang-orang fakir,
orang-orang miskin, pengurus-pengurus zakat, para mu'allaf yang
dibujuk hatinya, untuk (memerdekakan) budak, orang-orang yang
berhutang, untuk jalan Allah dan untuk mereka yuang sedang dalam
perjalanan, sebagai suatu ketetapan yang diwajibkan Allah, dan
Allah Maha Mengetahui lagi Maha Bijaksana .
 Yang berhak menerima zakat ialah:
1. Orang fakir: orang yang amat sengsara hidupnya, tidak mempunyai
harta dan tenaga untuk memenuhi penghidupannya.
2. Orang miskin: orang yang tidak cukup penghidupannya
dan dalam keadaan kekurangan.
3. Pengurus zakat: orang yang diberi tugas untuk
mengumpulkan dan membagikan zakat.
4. Muallaf: orang kafir yang ada harapan masuk Islam dan
orang yang baru masuk Islam yang imannya masih lemah.
5. Memerdekakan budak: mencakup juga untuk melepaskan muslim yang
ditawan oleh orang-orang kafir.
6. Orang berhutang: orang yang berhutang karena untuk kepentingan
yang bukan ma'siat dan tidak sanggup membayarnya. Adapun orang
yang berhutang untuk memelihara persatuan umat Islam dibayar
hutangnya itu dengan zakat, walaupun ia mampu membayarnya.
7. Pada jalan Allah (sabilillah): yaitu untuk keperluan pertahanan
Islam dan kaum muslimin. Di antara mufasirin ada yang
berpendapat bahwa fisabilillah itu mencakup juga
kepentingan-kepentingan umum seperti mendirikan sekolah, rumah
sakit dan lain-lain.
8. Orang yang sedang dalam perjalanan yang bukan ma'siat mengalami
kesengsaraan dalam perjalanannya.
71. Dan orang-orang yang beriman, lelaki dan perempuan, sebahagian
mereka (adalah) menjadi penolong bagi sebahagian yang lain. Mereka
menyuruh (mengerjakan) yang ma'ruf, mencegah dari yang munkar, mendirikan
shalat, menunaikan zakat dan mereka ta'at pada Allah dan
Rasul-Nya. Mereka itu akan diberi rahmat oleh Allah; sesungguhnya
Allah Maha Perkasa lagi Maha Bijaksana.
102. Dan (ada pula) orang-orang lain yang mengakui dosa-dosa mereka,
mereka mencampurbaurkan pekerjaan yang baik dengan pekerjaan lain
Mudah-mudahan Allah menerima taubat mereka. Sesungguhnya Allah
Maha Pengampun lagi maha Penyayang.
Keharusan penguasa memungut zakat.
103. Ambillah zakat dari sebagian harta mereka, dengan zakat itu kamu
membersihkan  dan mensucikan  mereka dan mendo'alah
untuk mereka. Sesungguhnya do'a kamu itu (menjadi) ketenteraman
jiwa bagi mereka. Dan Allah Maha Mendengar lagi Maha Mengetahui.
 Maksudnya: zakat itu membersihkan mereka dari kekikiran dan
cinta yang berlebih-lebihan kepada harta benda
 Maksudnya: zakat itu menyuburkan sifat-sifat kebaikan dalam
hati mereka dan memperkembangkan harta benda mereka.
104. Tidaklah mereka mengetahui, bahwasanya Allah menerima taubat dari
hamba-hamba-Nya dan menerima zakat dan bahwasanya Allah Maha
Penerima taubat lagi Maha Penyayang?
31. dan Dia menjadikan aku seorang yang diberkati di mana saja aku
berada, dan Dia memerintahkan kepadaku (mendirikan) shalat
dan (menunaikan) zakat selama aku hidup;
55. Dan ia menyuruh ahlinya  untuk bersembahyang dan
menunaikan zakat, dan ia adalah seorang yang diridhai di sisi
. Sebagian ahli tafsir berpendapat bahwa yang
dimaksud dengan "ahlinya" ialah umatnya.
73. Kami telah menjadikan mereka itu sebagai pemimpin-pemimpin
yang memberi petunjuk dengan perintah Kami dan telah Kami
wahyukan kepada, mereka mengerjakan kebajikan, mendirikan
sembahyang, menunaikan zakat, dan hanya kepada Kamilah mereka
41. (yaitu) orang-orang yang jika Kami teguhkan kedudukan mereka
di muka bumi niscaya mereka mendirikan sembahyang, menunaikan
zakat, menyuruh berbuat ma'ruf dan mencegah dari perbuatan
yang mungkar; dan kepada Allah-lah kembali segala urusan.
AYAT-AYAT ALLAH SEBAGAI PENAWAR HATI NABI MUHAMMAD S.A.W.
78. Dan berjihadlah kamu pada jalan Allah dengan jihad yang
sebenar-benarnya. Dia telah memilih kamu dan Dia sekali-kali
tidak menjadikan untuk kamu dalam agama suatu kesempitan.
(Ikutilah) agama orang tuamu Ibrahim. Dia (Allah) telah
menamai kamu sekalian orang-orang muslim dari dahulu ,
dan (begitu pula) dalam (Al Qur'an) ini, supaya Rasul itu
menjadi saksi atas dirimu dan supaya kamu semua menjadi saksi
atas segenap manusia, maka dirikanlah sembahyang, tunaikanlah
zakat dan berpeganglah kamu pada tali Allah. Dia adalah
Pelindungmu, maka Dialah sebaik-baik Pelindung dan sebaik-
. Maksudnya: dalam kitab-kitab yang telah diturunkan
kepada nabi-nabi sebelum Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.
4. dan orang-orang yang menunaikan zakat,
33. Dan orang-orang yang tidak mampu kawin hendaklah menjaga
kesucian (diri)nya, sehingga Allah memampukan mereka dengan
karunia-Nya. Dan budak-budak yang kamu miliki yang memginginkan
perjanjian, hendaklah kamu buat perjanjian dengan mereka ,
jika kamu mengetahui ada kebaikan pada mereka, dan berikanlah
kepada mereka sebahagian dari harta Allah yang dikaruniakan-Nya
kepadamu . Dan janganlah kamu paksa budak-budak wanitamu
untuk melakukan pelacuran, sedang mereka sendiri mengingini
kesucian, karena kamu hendak mencari keuntungan duniawi. Dan
barangsiapa yang memaksa mereka, maka sesungguhnya Allah adalah
Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang (kepada mereka) sesudah mereka
dipaksa itu .
 Salah satu cara dalam agama Islam untuk menghilangkan
perbudakan, yaitu seorang hamba boleh meminta pada tuannya untuk
dimerdekakan, dengan perjanjian bahwa budak itu akan membayar
jumlah uang yang ditentukan. Pemilik budak itu hendaklah menerima
perjanjian itu kalau budak itu menurut penglihatannya sanggup
melunasi perjanjian itu dengan harta yang halal.
 Untuk mempercepat lunasnya perjanjian itu hendaklah budak-
budak itu ditolong dengan harta yang diambilkan dari zakat atau
 Maksudnya: Tuhan akan mengampuni budak-budak wanita yang
dipaksa melakukan pelacuran oleh tuannya itu, selama mereka tidak
mengulangi perbuatannya itu lagi.
Pencerminan ayat-ayat Al Qur'an sebagai nur Ilahi pada langit dan bumi.
37. laki-laki yang tidak dilalaikan oleh perniagaan dan tidak
(pula) oleh jual beli dari mengingati Allah, dan (dari) mendirikan
sembahyang, dan (dari) membayarkan zakat. Mereka takut kepada suatu
hari yang (di hari itu) hati dan penglihatan menjadi goncang.
56. Dan dirikanlah sembahyang, tunaikanlah zakat, dan ta'atlah
kepada rasul, supaya kamu diberi rahmat.
3. (yaitu) orang-orang yang mendirikan sembahyang dan menunaikan
zakat dan mereka yakin akan adanya negeri akhirat.
39. Dan sesuatu riba (tambahan) yang kamu berikan agar dia bertambah
pada harta manusia, maka riba itu tidak menambah pada sisi Allah.
Dan apa yang kamu berikan berupa zakat yang kamu maksudkan untuk
mencapai keridhaan Allah, maka (yang berbuat demikian) itulah orang-
orang yang melipat gandakan (pahalanya).
4. (yaitu) orang-orang yang mendirikan shalat, menunaikan zakat dan mereka
yakin akan adanya negeri akhirat.
33. dan hendaklah kamu tetap di rumahmu  dan janganlah kamu
berhias dan bertingkah laku seperti orang-orang Jahiliyah yang
dahulu  dan dirikanlah shalat, tunaikanlah zakat dan ta'atilah
Allah dan Rasul-Nya. Sesungguhnya Allah bermaksud hendak
menghilangkan dosa dari kamu, hai ahlul bait  dan
membersihkan kamu sebersih-bersihnya.
 Maksudnya: Isteri-isteri Rasul agar tetap di rumah dan ke
luar rumah bila ada keperluan yang dibenarkan oleh syara'. Perintah ini
juga meliputi segenap mu'minat.
 Yang dimaksud "Jahiliyah yang dahulu" ialah Jahiliah
kekafiran yang terdapat sebelum Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. Dan yang
dimaksud "Jahiliyah sekarang" ialah Jahiliyah kemaksiatan, yang terjadi
sesudah datangnya Islam.
 "Ahlul bait" di sini, yaitu keluarga rumah tangga Rasulullah
7. (yaitu) orang-orang yang tidak menunaikan zakat dan mereka kafir
akan adanya (kehidupan) akhirat.
13. Apakah kamu takut akan (menjadi miskin) karena kamu memberikan
sedekah sebelum mengadakan pembicaraan dengan Rasul? Maka jika
kamu tiada memperbuatnya dan Allah telah memberi taubat kepadamu
maka dirikanlah shalat, tunaikanlah zakat, taatlah kepada Allah dan
Rasul-Nya; dan Allah Maha Mengetahui apa yang kamu kerjakan.
# Larangan berteman dengan orang-orang yang memusuhi Islam.
18. serta mengumpulkan (harta benda) lalu menyimpannya .
 Maksudnya: orang yang menyimpan hartanya dan tidak mau
mengeluarkan zakat dan tidak pula menafkahkannya ke jalan yang benar.
# AJARAN ISLAM UNTUK MENGATASI SIFAT-SIFAT YANG JELEK PADA MANUSIA.
20. Sesungguhnya Tuhanmu mengetahui bahwasanya kamu berdiri
(sembahyang) kurang dari dua pertiga malam, atau seperdua malam atau
sepertiganya dan (demikian pula) segolongan dari orang-orang yang
bersama kamu. Dan Allah menetapkan ukuran malam dan siang. Allah
mengetahui bahwa kamu sekali-kali tidak dapat menentukan batas-batas
waktu-waktu itu, maka Dia memberi keringanan kepadamu, karena itu
bacalah apa yang mudah (bagimu) dari Al Qur'an. Dia mengetahui bahwa
akan ada di antara kamu orang-orang yang sakit dan orang-orang yang
berjalan di muka bumi mencari sebagian karunia Allah; dan orang-orang
yang lain lagi berperang di jalan Allah, maka bacalah apa yang mudah
(bagimu) dari Al Qur'an dan dirikanlah sembahyang, tunaikanlah zakat
dan berikanlah pinjaman kepada Allah pinjaman yang baik. Dan kebaikan
apa saja yang kamu perbuat untuk dirimu niscaya kamu memperoleh
(balasan)nya di sisi Allah sebagai balasan yang paling baik dan yang
paling besar pahalanya. Dan mohonlah ampunan kepada Allah; sesungguhnya
Allah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.
5. Padahal mereka tidak disuruh kecuali supaya menyembah Allah
dengan memurnikan keta'atan kepada-Nya dalam (menjalankan)
agama yang lurus (1596), dan supaya mereka mendirikan shalat
dan menunaikan zakat; dan yang demikian itulah agama yang
 Lihat not. no. 201.
7. dan enggan (menolong dengan) barang berguna .
 Sebagian mufassirin mengartikan: enggan membayar zakat.
Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 484:
Narrated Jarir bin 'Abdullah ,
I gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet for offering prayer perfectly giving Zakat and giving good advice to every Muslim.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 485:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "(On the Day of Resurrection) camels will come to their owner in the best state of health they have ever had (in the world), and if he had not paid their Zakat (in the world) then they would tread him with their feet; and similarly, sheep will come to their owner in the best state of health they have ever had in the world, and if he had not paid their Zakat, then they would tread him with their hooves and would butt him with their horns." The Prophet added, "One of their rights is that they should be milked while water is kept in front of them." The Prophet added, "I do not want anyone of you to come to me on the Day of Resurrection, carrying over his neck a sheep that will be bleating. Such a person will (then) say, 'O Muhammad! (please intercede for me,) I will say to him. 'I can't help you, for I conveyed Allah's Message to you.' Similarly, I do not want anyone of you to come to me carrying over his neck a camel that will be grunting. Such a person (then) will say "O Muhammad! (please intercede for me)." I will say to him, "I can't help you for I conveyed Allah's message to you."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 486:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth, then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, 'I am your wealth, I am your treasure.' " Then the Prophet recited the holy verses:-- 'Let not those who withhold . . .' (to the end of the verse). (3.180).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 487:
Narrated Abu Said:
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "No Zakat is due on property mounting to less than five Uqiyas (of silver), and no Zakat is due on less than five camels, and there is no Zakat on less than five Wasqs." (A Wasqs equals 60 Sa's) & (1 Sa=3 K gms App.)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 488:
Narrated Zaid bin Wahab:
I passed by a place called Ar-Rabadha and by chance I met Abu Dhar and asked him, "What has brought you to this place?" He said, "I was in Sham and differed with Muawiya on the meaning of (the following verses of the Quran): 'They who hoard up gold and silver and spend them not in the way of Allah.' (9.34). Muawiya said, 'This verse is revealed regarding the people of the scriptures." I said, It was revealed regarding us and also the people of the scriptures." So we had a quarrel and Mu'awiya sent a complaint against me to 'Uthman. 'Uthman wrote to me to come to Medina, and I came to Medina. Many people came to me as if they had not seen me before. So I told this to 'Uthman who said to me, "You may depart and live nearby if you wish." That was the reason for my being here for even if an Ethiopian had been nominated as my ruler, I would have obeyed him .
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 489:
Narrated Al-Ahnaf bin Qais:
While I was sitting with some people from Quraish, a man with very rough hair, clothes, and appearance came and stood in front of us, greeted us and said, "Inform those who hoard wealth, that a stone will be heated in the Hell-fire and will be put on the nipples of their breasts till it comes out from the bones of their shoulders and then put on the bones of their shoulders till it comes through the nipples of their breasts the stone will be moving and hitting." After saying that, the person retreated and sat by the side of the pillar, I followed him and sat beside him, and I did not know who he was. I said to him, "I think the people disliked what you had said." He said, "These people do not understand anything, although my friend told me." I asked, "Who is your friend?" He said, "The Prophet said (to me), 'O Abu Dhar! Do you see the mountain of Uhud?' And on that I (Abu Dhar) started looking towards the sun to judge how much remained of the day as I thought that Allah's Apostle wanted to send me to do something for him and I said, 'Yes!' He said, 'I do not love to have gold equal to the mountain of Uhud unless I spend it all (in Allah's cause) except three Dinars (pounds). These people do not understand and collect worldly wealth. No, by Allah, Neither I ask them for worldly benefits nor am I in need of their religious advice till I meet Allah, The Honorable, The Majestic." '
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 490:
Narrated Ibn Masud:
I heard the Prophet saying, "There is no envy except in two: a person whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way, and a person whom Allah has given wisdom (i.e. religious knowledge) and he gives his decisions accordingly and teaches it to the others."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 491:
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle said, "If one give in charity what equals one date-fruit fro the honestly-earned money and Allah accepts only the honestly earned money --Allah takes it in His right (hand) ar then enlarges its reward for that person (who has given it), as anyone of you brings up his baby horse, so much s that it becomes as big as a mountain
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 492:
Narrated Haritha bin Wahab :
I heard the Prophet saying, "O people! Give in charity as a time will come upon you when a person will wander about with his object of charity and will not find anybody to accept it, and one (who will be requested to take it) will say, "If you had brought it yesterday, would have taken it, but to-day I am not in need of it."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 493:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The Hour (Day of Judgment) will not be established till your wealth increases so much so that one will be worried, for no one will accept his Zakat and the person to whom he will give it will reply, 'I am not in need of it.' "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 494:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim:
While I was sitting with Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) two person came to him; one of them complained about his poverty and the other complained about the prevalence of robberies. Allah's Apostle said, "As regards stealing and robberies, there will shortly come a time when a caravan will go to Mecca (from Medina) without any guard. And regarding poverty, The Hour (Day of Judgment) will not be established till one of you wanders about with his object of charity and will not find anybody to accept it And (no doubt) each one of you will stand in front of Allah and there will be neither a curtain nor an interpreter between him and Allah, and Allah will ask him, 'Did not I give you wealth?' He will reply in the affirmative. Allah will further ask, 'Didn't I send a messenger to you?' And again that person will reply in the affirmative Then he will look to his right and he will see nothing but Hell-fire, and then he will look to his left and will see nothing but Hell-fire. And so, any (each one) of you should save himself from the fire even by giving half of a date-fruit (in charity). And if you do not find a half date-fruit, then (you can do it through saying) a good pleasant word (to your brethren). (See Hadith No. 793 Vol. 4).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 495:
Narrated Abu Musa:
Thy Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "A time will come upon the people when a person will wander about with gold as Zakat and will not find anybody to accept it, and one man will be seen followed by forty women to be their guardian because of scarcity of men and great number of women. "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 496:
Narrated Abu Masud:
When the verses of charity were revealed, we used to work as porters. A man came and distributed objects of charity in abundance. And they (the people) said, "He is showing off." And another man came and gave a sa (a small measure of food grains); they said, "Allah is not in need of this small amount of charity." And then the Divine Inspiration came: "Those who criticize such of the believers who give in charity voluntarily and those who could not find to give in charity except what is available to them." (9.79).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 497:
Narrated Abu Masud Al-Ansar:
Whenever Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) ordered us to give in charity, we used to go to the market and work as porters and get a Mudd (a special measure of grain) and then give it in charity. (Those were the days of poverty) and to-day some of us have one hundred thousand.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 498:
Narrated 'Adi bin Hatim heard the Prophet saying:
"Save yourself from Hell-fire even by giving half a date-fruit in charity."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 499:
A lady along with her two daughters came to me asking (for some alms), but she found nothing with me except one date which I gave to her and she divided it between her two daughters, and did not eat anything herself, and then she got up and went away. Then the Prophet came in and I informed him about this story. He said, "Whoever is put to trial by these daughters and he treats them generously (with benevolence) then these daughters will act as a shield for him from Hell-Fire." (See Hadith No. 24, Vol. 8).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 500:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet and asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Which charity is the most superior in reward?" He replied, "The charity which you practice while you are healthy, niggardly and afraid of poverty and wish to become wealthy. Do not delay it to the time of approaching death and then say, 'Give so much to such and such, and so much to such and such.' And it has already belonged to such and such (as it is too late)."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 501:
Some of the wives of the Prophet asked him, "Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?" He said, "Whoever has the longest hand." So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda's hand turned out to be the longest. (When Zainab bint Jahsh died first of all in the caliphate of 'Umar), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet and she used to love to practice charity. (Sauda died later in the caliphate of Muawiya).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 502:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "A man said that he would give something in charity. He went out with his object of charity and unknowingly gave it to a thief. Next morning the people said that he had given his object of charity to a thief. (On hearing that) he said, "O Allah! All the praises are for you. I will give alms again." And so he again went out with his alms and (unknowingly) gave it to an adulteress. Next morning the people said that he had given his alms to an adulteress last night. The man said, "O Allah! All the praises are for you. (I gave my alms) to an adulteress. I will give alms again." So he went out with his alms again and (unknowingly) gave it to a rich person. (The people) next morning said that he had given his alms to a wealthy person. He said, "O Allah! All the praises are for you. (I had given alms) to a thief, to an adulteress and to a wealthy man." Then someone came and said to him, "The alms which you gave to the thief, might make him abstain from stealing, and that given to the adulteress might make her abstain from illegal sexual intercourse (adultery), and that given to the wealthy man might make him take a lesson from it and spend his wealth which Allah has given him, in Allah's cause."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 503:
Narrated Ma'n bin Yazid:
My grandfather, my father and I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle. The Prophet got me engaged and then got me married. One day I went to the Prophet with a complaint. My father Yazid had taken some gold coins for charity and kept them with a man in the mosque (to give them to the poor) But I went and took them and brought them to him (my father). My father said, "By Allah! I did not intend to give them to you. " I took (the case) to Allah's Apostle . On that Allah's Apostle said, "O Yazid! You will be rewarded for what you intended. O Man! Whatever you have taken is yours."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 504:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Seven people will be shaded by Allah under His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His. They are:
(1) a just ruler;
(2) a young man who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, (i.e. worship Allah (Alone) sincerely from his childhood),
(3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosque (who offers the five compulsory congregational prayers in the mosque);
(4) two persons who love each other only for Allah's sake and they meet and part in Allah's cause only;
(5) a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for an illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah;
(6) a person who practices charity so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity).
(7) a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes get flooded with tears."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 505:
Narrated Haritha bin Wahab Al-Khuza'i:
I heard the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saying, "(O people!) Give in charity (for Allah's cause) because a time will come when a person will carry his object of charity from place to place (and he will not find any person to take it) and any person whom he shall request to take it, I will reply, 'If you had brought it yesterday I would have taken it, but today I am not
in need of it."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 506:
Allah's Apostle said, "When a woman gives in charity some of the foodstuff (which she has in her house) without spoiling it, she will receive the reward for what she has spent, and her husband will receive the reward because of his earning, and the storekeeper will also have a reward similar to it. The reward of one will not decrease the reward of the others . "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 507:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "The best charity is that which is practiced by a wealthy person. And start giving first to your dependents."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 508:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam
The Prophet said, "The upper hand is better than the lower hand (i.e. he who gives in charity is better than him who takes it). One should start giving first to his dependents. And the best object of charity is that which is given by a wealthy person (from the money which is left after his expenses). And whoever abstains from asking others for some financial help, Allah will give him and save him from asking others, Allah will make him self-sufficient."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 509:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
I heard Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) while he was on the pulpit speaking about charity, to abstain from asking others for some financial help and about begging others, saying, "The upper hand is better than the lower hand. The upper hand is that of the giver and the lower (hand) is that of the beggar."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 510:
Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith:
Once the Prophet offered the 'Asr prayer and then hurriedly went to his house and returned immediately. I (or somebody else) asked him (as to what was the matter) and he said, "I left at home a piece of gold which was from the charity and I disliked to let it remain a night in my house, so I got it distributed . "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 511:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet went out for the 'Id prayer on the 'Id day and offered a two Rakat prayer; and he neither offered a prayer before it or after it. Then he went towards the women along with Bilal. He preached them and ordered them to give in charity. And some (amongst the women) started giving their fore-arm bangles and ear-rings.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 512:
Narrated Abu Burda bin Abu Musa:
that his father said, "Whenever a beggar came to Allah's Apostle or he was asked for something, he used to say (to his companions), "Help and recommend him and you will receive the reward for it; and Allah will bring about what He will through His Prophet's tongue."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 513:
The Prophet said to me, "Do not withhold your money, (for if you did so) Allah would with-hold His blessings from you."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 514:
T he Prophet said, "Do not with-hold your money by counting it (i.e. hoarding it), (for if you did so), Allah would also with-hold His blessings from you."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 515:
Narrated Asma' bint Abu Bakr:
that she had gone to the Prophet and he said, "Do not shut your money bag; otherwise Allah too will with-hold His blessings from you. Spend (in Allah's Cause) as much as you can afford. "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 516:
Narrated Abu Wail:
Hudhaifa said, "'Umar said, 'Who amongst you remembers the statement of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) about afflictions'?' I said, 'I know it as the Prophet had said it.' 'Umar said, 'No doubt, you are bold. How did he say it?' I said, 'A man's afflictions (wrong deeds) concerning his wife, children and neighbors are expiated by (his) prayers, charity, and enjoining good.' (The sub-narrator Sulaiman added that he said, 'The prayer, charity, enjoining good and forbidding evil.') 'Umar said, 'I did not mean that, but I ask about that affliction which will spread like the waves of the sea.' I said, 'O chief of the believers! You need not be afraid of it as there is a closed door between you and it.' He asked, 'Will the door be broken or opened?' I replied, 'No, it will be broken.' He said, 'Then, if it is broken, it will never be closed again?' I replied, 'Yes.' " Then we were afraid to ask what that door was, so we asked Masruq to inquire, and he asked Hudhaifa regarding it. Hudhaifa said, "The door was 'Umar. "We further asked Hudhaifa whether 'Umar knew what that door meant. Hudhaifa replied in the affirmative and added, "He knew it as one knows that there will be a night before the tomorrow morning."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 517:
Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:
I said to Allah's Apostle, "Before embracing Islam I used to do good deeds like giving in charity, slave-manumitting, and the keeping of good relations with Kith and kin. Shall I be rewarded for those deeds?" The Prophet replied, "You became Muslim with all those good deeds (Without losing their reward)."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 518:
Allah's Apostle said, "When a woman gives in charity from her husband's meals without wasting the property of her husband, she will get a reward for it, and her husband too will get a reward for what he earned and the store-keeper will have the reward likewise."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 519:
Narrated Abu Musa :
The Prophet said, "An honest Muslim store-keeper who carries out the orders of his master and pays fully what he has been ordered to give with a good heart and pays to that person to whom he was ordered to pay, is regarded as one of the two charitable persons."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 520:
Narrate Aisha :
The Prophet said, "If a woman gives in charity from her husband's house .." The Prophet (p.b.u.h) also said, "If a lady gives meals (in charity) from her husband's house without spoiling her husband's property, she will get a reward and her husband will also get a reward likewise. The husband will get a reward because of his earnings and the woman because of her spending."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 521:
The Prophet said, "When a woman gives in charity from her house meals in Allah's Cause without spoiling her husband's property, she will get a reward for it, and her husband will also get the reward for his earnings and the storekeeper will get a reward likewise."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 522:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
The Prophet said, "Every day two angels come down from Heaven and one of them says, 'O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause,' and the other (angel) says, 'O Allah! Destroy every miser.' "
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 523:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
The Prophet said, "The example of a miser and an alms-giver is like the example of two persons wearing iron cloaks." Allah's Apostle also said, "The example of an alms-giver and a miser is like the example of two persons who have two iron cloaks on them from their breasts to their collar bones, and when the alms-giver wants to give in charity, the cloak becomes capacious till it covers his whole body to such an extent that it hides his fingertips and covers his footprints (obliterates his tracks). (1) And when the miser wants to spend, it (the iron cloak) sticks and every ring gets stuck to its place and he tries to widen it, but it did not become wide.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 524:
Narrated Abu Burda:
from his father from his grandfather that the Prophet said, "Every Muslim has to give in charity." The people asked, "O Allah's Prophet! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?" He said, "He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns)." The people further asked, "If he cannot find even that?" He replied, "He should help the needy who appeal for help." Then the people asked, "If he cannot do that?" He replied, "Then he should perform good deeds and keep away from evil deeds and this will be regarded as charitable deeds."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 525:
Narrated Um 'Atiyya:
A sheep was sent to me (Nusaiba Al-Ansariya) (in charity) and I sent some of it to 'Aisha. The Prophet asked 'Aisha for something to eat. 'Aisha replied that there was nothing except what Nusaiba Al-Ansariya had sent of that sheep. The Prophet said to her, "Bring it as it has reached its place."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 526:
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri :
Allah's Apostle said, "There is no Zakat on less than five camels and also there is no Zakat on less than five Awaq (of silver). (5 Awaq = 22 Fransa Riyals of Yamen or 200 Dirhams.) And there is no Zakat on less than five Awsuq. (A special measure of food-grains, and one Wasq equals 60 Sa's.) (For gold 20, Dinars i.e. equal to 12 Guinea English. No Zakat for less than 12 Guinea (English) of gold or for silver less than 22 Fransa Riyals of Yamen.)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 527:
Narrated Abi Sa'id Al-Khudri :
I heard the Prophet saying (as above--No. 526 ..)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 528:
Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah had instructed His Apostle (p.b.u.h) to do regarding the one who had to pay one Bint Makhad (i.e. one year-old she-camel) as Zakat, and he did not have it but had got Bint Labun (two year old she-camel). (He wrote that) it could be accepted from him as Zakat, and the collector of Zakat would return him 20 Dirhams or two sheep; and if the Zakat payer had not a Bint Makhad, but he had Ibn Labun (a two year old he-camel) then it could be accepted as his Zakat, but he would not be paid anything .
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 529:
Narrated Ibn Abbas :
I am a witness that Allah's Apostle offered the Id prayer before delivering the sermon and then he thought that the women would not be able to hear him (because of the distance), so he went to them along with Bilal who was spreading his garment. The Prophet advised and ordered them to give in charity. So the women started giving their ornaments (in charity). (The sub-narrator Aiyub pointed towards his ears and neck meaning that they gave ornaments from those places such as ear-rings and necklaces.)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 530:
Abu Bakr wrote to me what was made compulsory by Allah's Apostle and that was (regarding the payments of Zakat): Neither the property of different people may be taken together nor the joint property may be split for fear of (paying more, or receiving less) Zakat. (1)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 531:
Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah's Apostle has made compulsory (regarding Zakat) and this was mentioned in it: If a property is equally owned by two partners, they should pay the combined Zakat and it will be considered that both of them have paid their Zakat equally.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 532:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
A Bedouin asked Allah's Apostle about the emigration. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "May Allah have mercy on you! The matter of emigration is very hard. Have you got camels? Do you pay their Zakat?" The Bedouin said, "Yes, I have camels and I pay their Zakat." The Prophet said, Work beyond the seas and Allah will not decrease (waste) any of your good deeds." (See Hadith No. 260 Vol. 5).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 533:
Abu Bakr , wrote to me about the Zakat which Allah had ordered His Apostle to observe: Whoever had to pay Jahda (Jahda means a four-year-old she-camel) as Zakat from his herd of camels and he had not got one, and he had Hiqqa (three-year-old she-camel), that Hiqqa should be accepted from him along with two sheep if they were available or twenty Dirhams (one Durham equals about 1/4 Saudi Riyal) and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as Zakat and he had no Hiqqa but had a Jadha, the Jadha should be accepted from him, and the Zakat collector should repay him twenty Dirhams or two sheep; and whoever had to pay Hiqqa as Zakat and he had not got one, but had a Bint Labun (two-year-old she-camel), it should be accepted from him along with two sheep or twenty Dirhams; and whoever had to pay Bint Labun and had a Hiqqa, that Hiqqa should be accepted from him and the Zakat collector should repay him twenty Dirhams or two sheep; and whoever had to pay Bint Labun and he had not got one but had a Bint Makhad (one-year-old she camel), that Bint Makhad should be accepted from him along with twenty Dirhams or two sheep.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 534:
When Abu Bakr; sent me to (collect the Zakat from) Bahrein, he wrote to me the following:-- (In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful). These are the orders for compulsory charity (Zakat) which Allah's Apostle had made obligatory for every Muslim, and which Allah had ordered His Apostle to observe: Whoever amongst the Muslims is asked to pay Zakat accordingly, he should pay it (to the Zakat collector) and whoever is asked more than that (what is specified in this script) he should not pay it; for twenty-four camels or less, sheep are to be paid as Zakat; for every five camels one sheep is to be paid, and if there are between twenty-five to thirty-five camels, one Bint Makhad is to be paid; and if they are between thirty-six to forty-five (camels), one Bint Labun is to be paid; and if they are between forty-six to sixty (camels), one Hiqqa is to be paid; and if the number is between sixty-one to seventy-five (camels), one Jadh'a is to be paid; and if the number is between seventy-six to ninety (camels), two Bint Labuns are to be paid; and if they are from ninety-one to one-hundred-and twenty (camels), two Hiqqas are to be paid; and if they are over one-hundred and-twenty (camels), for every forty (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one Bint Labun is to be paid, and for every fifty camels (over one-hundred-and-twenty) one Hiqqa is to be paid; and who ever has got only four camels, has to pay nothing as Zakat, but if the owner of these four camels wants to give something, he can. If the number of camels increases to five, the owner has to pay one sheep as Zakat. As regards the Zakat for the (flock) of sheep; if they are between forty and one-hundred-and-twenty sheep, one sheep is to be paid; and if they are between one-hundred-and-twenty to two hundred (sheep), two sheep are to be paid; and if they are between two-hundred to three-hundred (sheep), three sheep are to be paid; and for over three-hundred sheep, for every extra hundred sheep, one sheep is to be paid as Zakat. And if somebody has got less than forty sheep, no Zakat is required, but if he wants to give, he can. For silver the Zakat is one-fortieth of the lot (i.e. 2.5%), and if its value is less than two-hundred Dirhams, Zakat is not required, but if the owner wants to pay he can.'
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 535:
Abu Bakr wrote to me what Allah had ordered His Apostle (about Zakat) which goes: Neither an old nor a defected animal, nor a male-goat may be taken as Zakat except if the Zakat collector wishes (to take it).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 536:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Abu Bakr said, "By Allah! If they (pay me the Zakat and) with-hold even a she-kid which they used to pay during the life-time of Allah's Apostle, I will fight with them for it." 'Umar said, "It was nothing but Allah Who opened Abu Bakr's chest towards the decision to fight, and I came to know that his decision was right."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 537:
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
When Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) sent Muadh to Yemen, he said (to him), "YOU are going to people of a (Divine) Book. First of all invite them to worship Allah (alone) and when they come to know Allah, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, five prayers in every day and night; and if they start offering these prayers, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them, the Zakat. And it is to be taken from the rich amongst them and given to the poor amongst them; and if they obey you in that, take Zakat from them and avoid (don't take) the best property of the people as Zakat."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 538:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri :
Allah's Apostle said, "No Zakat is imposed on less than five Awsuq of dates; no Zakat is imposed on less than five Awaq of silver, and no Zakat is imposed on less than five camels."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 539:
Narrated Abu Dhar:
Once I went to him (the Prophet ) and he said, "By Allah in Whose Hands my life is (or probably said, 'By Allah, except Whom none has the right to be worshipped) whoever had camels or cows or sheep and did not pay their Zakat, those animals will be brought on the Day of Resurrection far bigger and fatter than before and they will tread him under their hooves, and will butt him with their horns, and (those animals will come in circle): When the last does its turn, the first will start again, and this punishment will go on till Allah has finished the judgments amongst the people."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 540:
Narrated Ishaq bin 'Abdullah bin Al Talha:
I heard Anas bin Malik saying, "Abu Talha had more property of date-palm trees gardens than any other amongst the Ansar in Medina and the most beloved of them to him was Bairuha garden, and it was in front of the Mosque of the Prophet . Allah's Apostle used to go there and used to drink its nice water." Anas added, "When these verses were revealed:--'By no means shall you Attain righteousness unless You spend (in charity) of that Which you love. ' (3.92) Abu Talha said to Allah's Apostle 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah, the Blessed, the Superior says: By no means shall you attain righteousness, unless you spend (in charity) of that which you love. And no doubt, Bairuha' garden is the most beloved of all my property to me. So I want to give it in charity in Allah's Cause. I expect its reward from Allah. O Allah's Apostle! Spend it where Allah makes you think it feasible.' On that Allah's Apostle said, 'Bravo! It is useful property. I have heard what you have said (O Abu Talha), and I think it would be proper if you gave it to your Kith and kin.' Abu Talha said, I will do so, O Allah's Apostle.' Then Abu Talha distributed that garden amongst his relatives and his cousins."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 541:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri
On 'Id ul Fitr or 'Id ul Adha Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) went out to the Musalla. After finishing the prayer, he delivered the sermon and ordered the people to give alms. He said, "O people! Give alms." Then he went towards the women and said. "O women! Give alms, for I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were you (women)." The women asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What is the reason for it?" He replied, "O women! You curse frequently, and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, some of you can lead a cautious wise man astray." Then he left. And when he reached his house, Zainab, the wife of Ibn Masud, came and asked permission to enter It was said, "O Allah's Apostle! It is Zainab." He asked, 'Which Zainab?" The reply was that she was the wife of Ibn Mas'ub. He said, "Yes, allow her to enter." And she was admitted. Then she said, "O Prophet of Allah! Today you ordered people to give alms and I had an ornament and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn Masud said that he and his children deserved it more than anybody else." The Prophet replied, "Ibn Masud had spoken the truth. Your husband and your children had more right to it than anybody else."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 542:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There is no Zakat either on a horse or a slave belonging to a Muslim"
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 543:
Narrated Abu Huraira :-
The Prophet said,"There is no Zakat either on a slave or on a horse belonging to a Muslim.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 544:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri :
Once the Prophet sat on a pulpit and we sat around him. Then he said, "The things I am afraid of most for your sake (concerning what will befall you after me) is the pleasures and splendors of the world and its beauties which will be disclosed to you." Somebody said, "O Allah's Apostle! Can the good bring forth evil?" The Prophet remained silent for a while. It was said to that person, "What is wrong with you? You are talking to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) while he is not talking to you." Then we noticed that he was being inspired divinely. Then the Prophet wiped off his sweat and said, "Where is the questioner?" It seemed as if the Prophet liked his question. Then he said, "Good never brings forth evil. Indeed it is like what grows on the banks of a water-stream which either kill or make the animals sick, except if an animal eats its fill the Khadira (a kind of vegetable) and then faces the sun, and then defecates and urinates and grazes again. No doubt this wealth is sweet and green. Blessed is the wealth of a Muslim from which he gives to the poor, the orphans and to needy travelers. (Or the Prophet said something similar to it) No doubt, whoever takes it illegally will be like the one who eats but is never satisfied, and his wealth will be a witness against him on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 545:
Narrated 'Amr bin Al-Harith:
Zainab, the wife of 'Abdullah said, "I was in the Mosque and saw the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saying, 'O women ! Give alms even from your ornaments.' " Zainab used to provide for 'Abdullah and those orphans who were under her protection. So she said to 'Abdullah, "Will you ask Allah's Apostle whether it will be sufficient for me to spend part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who are under my protection?" He replied "Will you yourself ask Allah's Apostle ?" (Zainab added): So I went to the Prophet and I saw there an Ansari woman who was standing at the door (of the Prophet ) with a similar problem as mine. Bilal passed by us and we asked him, 'Ask the Prophet whether it is permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans under my protection.' And we requested Bilal not to inform the Prophet about us. So Bilal went inside and asked the Prophet regarding our problem. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked, "Who are those two?" Bilal replied that she was Zainab. The Prophet said, "Which Zainab?" Bilal said, "The wife of 'Adullah (bin Masud)." The Prophet said, "Yes, (it is sufficient for her) and she will receive a double rewards (for that): One for helping relatives, and the other for giving Zakat."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 546:
(the daughter of Um Salama) My mother said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I receive a reward if I spend for the sustenance of Abu Salama's offspring, and in fact they are also my sons?" The Prophet replied, "Spend on them and you will get a reward for what you spend on them."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 547:
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) ordered (a person) to collect Zakat, and that person returned and told him that Ibn Jamil, Khalid bin Al-Walid, and Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib had refused to give Zakat." The Prophet said, "What made Ibn Jamll refuse to give Zakat though he was a poor man, and was made wealthy by Allah and His Apostle ? But you are unfair in asking Zakat from Khalid as he is keeping his armor for Allah's Cause (for Jihad). As for Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib, he is the uncle of Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and Zakat is compulsory on him and he should pay it double."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 548:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
Some Ansari persons asked for (something) from Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) and he gave them. They again asked him for (something) and he again gave them. And then they asked him and he gave them again till all that was with him finished. And then he said "If I had anything. I would not keep it away from you. (Remember) Whoever abstains from asking others, Allah will make him contented, and whoever tries to make himself self-sufficient, Allah will make him self-sufficient. And whoever remains patient, Allah will make him patient. Nobody can be given a blessing better and greater than patience."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 549:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, it is better for anyone of you to take a rope and cut the wood (from the forest) and carry it over his back and sell it (as a means of earning his living) rather than to ask a person for something and that person may give him or not."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 550:
Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al'Awwam:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "It is better for anyone of you to take a rope (and cut) and bring a bundle of wood (from the forest) over his back and sell it and Allah will save his face (from the Hell-Fire) because of that, rather than to ask the people who may give him or not."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 551:
Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair and Said bin Al-Musaiyab:
Haklm bin Hizam said, "(Once) I asked Allah's Apostle (for something) and he gave it to me. Again I asked and he gave (it to me). Again I asked and he gave (it to me). And then he said, "O Hakim! This property is like a sweet fresh fruit; whoever takes it without greediness, he is blessed in it, and whoever takes it with greediness, he is not blessed in it, and he is like a person who eats but is never satisfied; and the upper (giving) hand is better than the lower (receiving) hand." Hakim added, "I said to Allah's Apostle , 'By Him (Allah) Who sent you with the Truth, I shall never accept anything from anybody after you, till I leave this world.' " Then Abu Bakr (during his caliphate) called Hakim to give him his share from the war booty (like the other companions of the Prophet ), he refused to accept anything. Then 'Umar (during his caliphate) called him to give him his share but he refused. On that 'Umar said, "O Muslims! I would like you to witness that I offered Hakim his share from this booty and he refused to take it." So Hakim never took anything from anybody after the Prophet till he died.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 552:
Allah's Apostle used to give me something but I would say to him, "would you give it to a poorer and more needy one than l?" The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said to me, "Take it. If you are given something from this property, without asking for it or having greed for it take it; and if not given, do not run for it."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 553:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar
The Prophet said, "A man keeps on asking others for something till he comes on the Day of Resurrection without any piece of flesh on his face." The Prophet added, "On the Day of Resurrection, the Sun will come near (to, the people) to such an extent that the sweat will reach up to the middle of the ears, so, when all the people are in that state, they will ask Adam for help, and then Moses, and then Muhammad (p.b.u.h) ." The sub-narrator added "Muhammad will intercede with Allah to judge amongst the people. He will proceed on till he will hold the ring of the door (of Paradise) and then Allah will exalt him to Maqam Mahmud (the privilege of intercession, etc.). And all the people of the gathering will send their praises to Allah.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 554:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The poor person is not the one who asks a morsel or two (of meals) from the others, but the poor is the one who has nothing and is ashamed to beg from others."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 555:
The clerk of Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba narrated, "Muawiya wrote to Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba: Write to me something which you have heard from the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ." So Al-Mughira wrote: I heard the Prophet saying, "Allah has hated for you three things:
1. Vain talks, (useless talk) that you talk too much or about others.
2. Wasting of wealth (by extravagance)
3. And asking too many questions (in disputed religious matters) or asking others for something (except in great need). (See Hadith No. 591, Vol. Ill)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 556:
Narrated Sad (bin Abi Waqqas) :
Allah's Apostle distributed something (from the resources of Zakat) amongst a group of people while I was sitting amongst them, but he left a man whom I considered the best of the lot. So, I went up to Allah's Apostle and asked him secretly, "Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer." The Prophet said, "Or merely a Muslim (Who surrender to Allah)." I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer. " The Prophet said, "Or merely a Muslim." I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer." The Prophet said, "Or merely a Muslim." Then Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he may be thrown in the Hell-fire on his face (by renegating from Islam)."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 557:
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle said, "The poor person is not the one who goes round the people and ask them for a mouthful or two (of meals) or a date or two but the poor is that who has not enough (money) to satisfy his needs and whose condition is not known to others, that others may give him something in charity, and who does not beg of people."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 558:
Narrated Abu Huraira
The Prophet said, "No doubt, it is better for a person to take a rope and proceed in the morning to the mountains and cut the wood and then sell it, and eat from this income and give alms from it than to ask others for something."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 559:
Narrated Abu Humaid As-Sa'idi
We took part in the holy battle of Tabuk in the company of the Prophet and when we arrived at the Wadi-al-Qura, there was a woman in her garden. The Prophet asked his companions to estimate the amount of the fruits in the garden, and Allah's Apostle estimated it at ten Awsuq (One Wasaq = 60 Sa's) and 1 Sa'= 3 kg. approximately). The Prophet said to that lady, "Check what your garden will yield." When we reached Tabuk, the Prophet said, "There will be a strong wind to-night and so no one should stand and whoever has a camel, should fasten it." So we fastened our camels. A strong wind blew at night and a man stood up and he was blown away to a mountain called Taiy, The King of Aila sent a white mule and a sheet for wearing to the Prophet as a present, and wrote to the Prophet that his people would stay in their place (and will pay Jizya taxation.) (1) When the Prophet reached Wadi-al-Qura he asked that woman how much her garden had yielded. She said, "Ten Awsuq," and that was what Allah's Apostle had estimated. Then the Prophet said, "I want to reach Medina quickly, and whoever among you wants to accompany me, should hurry up." The sub-narrator Ibn Bakkar said something which meant: When the Prophet (p.b.u.h) saw Medina he said, "This is Taba." And when he saw the mountain of Uhud, he said, "This mountain loves us and we love it. Shall I tell you of the best amongst the Ansar?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "The family of Bani-n-Najjar, and then the family of Bani Sa'ida or Bani Al-Harith bin Al-Khazraj. (The above-mentioned are the best) but there is goodness in all the families of Ansar."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 560:
Narrated Salim bin 'Abdullah from his father:
The Prophet said, "On a land irrigated by rain water or by natural water channels or if the land is wet due to a near by water channel Ushr (i.e. one-tenth) is compulsory (as Zakat); and on the land irrigated by the well, half of an Ushr (i.e. one-twentieth) is compulsory (as Zakat on the yield of the land)."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 561:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri :
The Prophet said, "There is no Zakat on less than five Awsuq (of dates), or on less than five camels, or on less than five Awaq of silver." (22 Yameni Riyals Faransa).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 562:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
Dates used to be brought to Allah's Apostle immediately after being plucked. Different persons would bring their dates till a big heap collected (in front of the Prophet). Once Al-Hasan and Al-Husain were playing with these dates. One of them took a date and put it in his mouth. Allah's Apostle looked at him and took it out from his mouth and said, "Don't you know that Muhammad's offspring do not eat what is given in charity?"
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 563:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet had forbidden the sale of dates till they were good (ripe), and when it was asked what it meant, the Prophet said, "Till there is no danger of blight."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 564:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah :
The Prophet had forbidden the sale of fruits till they were ripe (free from blight).
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 565:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle forbade the selling of fruits until they were ripe. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) added, "It means that they become red ."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 566:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Umar bin Al-Khattab gave a horse in charity in Allah's Cause and later he saw it being sold in the market and intended to purchase it. Then he went to the Prophet and asked his permission. The Prophet said, "Do not take back what you have given in charity." For this reason, Ibn 'Umar never purchased the things which he had given in charity, and in case he had purchased something (unknowingly) he would give it in charity again.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 567:
Once I gave a horse in Allah's Cause (in charity) but that person did not take care of it. I intended to buy it, as I thought he would sell it at a low price. So, I asked the Prophet (p.b.u.h) about it. He said, "Neither buy, nor take back your alms which you have given, even if the seller were willing to sell it for one Dirham, for he who takes back his alms is like the one who swallows his own vomit."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 568:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
Al-Hasan bin 'Ali took a date from the dates given in charity and put it in his mouth. The Prophet said, "Expel it from your mouth. Don't you know that we do not eat a thing which is given in charity?"
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 569:
Narrated Ibn Abbas :
The Prophet saw a dead sheep which had been given in charity to a freed slavegirl of Maimuna, the wife of the Prophet . The Prophet said, "Why don't you get the benefit of its hide?" They said, "It is dead." He replied, "Only to eat (its meat) is illegal."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 570:
'Aisha intended to buy Barira (a slave-girl) in order to manumit her and her masters intended to put the condition that her Al-wala would be for them. 'Aisha mentioned that to the Prophet who said to her, "Buy her, as the "Wala" is for the manumitted." Once some meat was presented to the Prophet and 'Aisha said to him, "This (meat) was given in charity to Barira." He said, "It is an object of charity for Barira but a gift for us."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 571:
Narrated Um 'Atiyya Al-Ansariya :
The Prophet went to 'Aisha and asked her whether she had something (to eat). She replied that she had nothing except the mutton (piece) which Nusaiba (Um 'Atiyya) had sent to us (Buraira) in charity." The Prophet said, "It has reached its place and now it is not a thing of charity but a gift for us."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 572:
Some meat was presented to the Prophet (p.b.u.h) and it had been given to Barira (the freed slave-girl of Aisha) in charity. He said, "This meat is a thing of charity for Barira but it is a gift for us."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 573:
Narrated Abu Ma'bad,:
(the slave of Ibn Abbas) Allah's Apostle said to Muadh when he sent him to Yemen, "You will go to the people of the Scripture. So, when you reach there, invite them to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle. And if they obey you in that, tell them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in each day and night. And if they obey you in that tell them that Allah has made it obligatory on them to pay the Zakat which will be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor among them. If they obey you in that, then avoid taking the best of their possessions, and be afraid of the curse of an oppressed person because there is no screen between his invocation and Allah."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 574i:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Aufa :
Whenever a person came to the Prophet with his alms, the Prophet would say, "O Allah! Send your Blessings upon so and so." My father went to the Prophet with his alms and the Prophet said, "O Allah! Send your blessings upon the offspring of Abu Aufa."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 574f:
Narrated Abu Huraira
The Prophet said, "A man from Bani Israel asked someone from Bani Israel to give him a loan of one thousand Dinars and the later gave it to him. The debtor went on a voyage (when the time for the payment of the debt became due) but he did not find a boat, so he took a piece of wood and bored it and put 1000 diners in it and threw it into the sea. The creditor went out and took the piece of wood to his family to be used as fire-wood." (See Hadith No. 488 B, Vol. 3). And the Prophet narrated the narration (and said), "When he sawed the wood, he found his money."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 575:
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah's Apostle said, "There is no compensation for one killed or wounded by an animal or by falling in a well, or because of working in mines; but Khumus is compulsory on Rikaz."
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 576:
Narrated Abu Humaid Al-Sa'idi:
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) appointed a man called Ibn Al-Lutbiya, from the tribe of Al-Asd to collect Zakat from Bani Sulaim. When he returned, (after collecting the Zakat) the Prophet checked the account with him.
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 577:
Some people from 'Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them, so Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) allowed them to go to the herd of camels (given as Zakat) and they drank their milk and urine (as medicine) but they killed the shepherd and drove away all the camels. So Allah's Apostle sent (men) in their pursuit to catch them, and they were brought, and he had their hands and feet cut, and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron and they were left in the Harra (a stony place at Medina) biting the stones. (See Hadith No. 234, Vol. 1)
Volume 2, Book 24, Number 578:
Narrated Anas bin Malik
took 'Abdullah bin Abu Talha to Allah's Apostle to perform Tahnik for him. (Tahnik was a custom among the Muslims that whenever a child was born they used to take it to the Prophet who would chew a piece of date and put a part of its juice in the child's mouth). I saw the Prophet and he had an instrument for branding in his hands and was branding the camels of Zakat.
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